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Hungary


FLAG, Hungary 43
FLAG
Parliament, Hungary 44
Parliament
Chain Bridge, Hungary 45
Chain Bridge

 

This central European country is the size of Indiana. Most of Hungary is a fertile, rolling plain lying east of the Danube River and drained by the Danube and Tisza rivers. In the extreme northwest is the Little Hungarian Plain. South of that area is Lake Balaton.

In World War II, Hungary allied with Germany, which aided the country in recovering lost territories. Following the German invasion of Russia on June 22, 1941, Hungary joined the attack against the Soviet Union, but withdrew in defeat from the eastern front by May 1943. Germany occupied the country for the remainder of the war and set up a puppet government. Hungarian Jews and Gypsies were sent to death camps. The German regime was driven out by the Soviets in 1944–1945.

By the Treaty of Paris (1947), Hungary had to give up all territory it had acquired since 1937 and to pay $300 million in reparations to the USSR, Czechoslovakia, and Yugoslavia. In 1948, the Communist Party, with the support of Soviet troops, seized control. Hungary was proclaimed a People's Republic and one-party state in 1949. Industry was nationalized, the land collectivized into state farms, and the opposition terrorized by the secret police. The terror, modeled after that of the USSR, reached its height with the trial and life imprisonment of József Cardinal Mindszenty, the leader of Hungary's Roman Catholics, in 1948. On Oct. 23, 1956, an anti-Communist revolution broke out in Budapest. To cope with it, the Communists set up a coalition government and called former prime minister Imre Nagy back to head the government. But he and most of his ministers sympathized with the anti-Communist opposition, and he declared Hungary a neutral power, withdrawing from the Warsaw Treaty and appealing to the United Nations for help. One of his ministers, János Kádár, established a counterregime and asked the USSR to send in military power. Soviet troops and tanks suppressed the revolution in bloody fighting after 190,000 people had fled the country. Under Kádár (1956–1988), Communist Hungary maintained more liberal policies in the economic and cultural spheres, and Hungary became the most liberal of the Soviet-bloc nations of eastern Europe. Continuing his program of national reconciliation, Kádár emptied prisons, reformed the secret police, and eased travel restrictions.

In 1989, Hungary's Communists abandoned their monopoly on power voluntarily, and the constitution was amended in Oct. 1989 to allow for a multiparty state. The last Soviet troops left Hungary in June 1991, thereby ending almost 47 years of military presence. The transition to a market economy proved difficult. In April 1999, Hungary became part of NATO, and in May 2004, it joined the EU. In 2006, Prime Minister Ferenc Gyurcsány was reelected on a platform promising economic “reform without austerity.” In September, a tape was leaked to the media on which Prime Minister Gyurcsany admited that he blatantly lied about the state of the economy to win reelection. Antigovernment demonstrators rioted and demanded his resignation.

Zala, Veszprem, Somogy, Pest, Heves, Csongrad, Budapest,

Zala Zala
Village with 297 inhabitants in the hilly region of Outer Somogy. Name of the village is first mentioned in documents in 1278. Mihály Zichy Memorial Museum in the former Zichy mansion with the nicest furniture from the world-famous painterŚs apartment in St. Petersburg as well as his weapons and Georgian collection. Mansion park is a nature conservation area with rich flora. Roman Catholic church of the village is built in Baroque...
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Veszprem Veszprem
Veszprém greets you with the greatest pleasure. The City of Queens provides a real home to its inhabitants, who are faithful to their traditions, proud of their values and who give a warm welcome to all guests and tourists visiting their place. Veszprém with 59,000 inhabitants lies in the central Transdanubian region, at the meeting-point of the Bakony Hills and the Balaton Uplands. The history of the city goes back to...
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Somogy Somogy
In the county you can find the South-Balaton wine region, which was famous for its viniculture as early as the Roman times. From the Gömbkilátó (Globe look-out tower) of Balatonboglar you can enjoy the unforgettable panorama of the region. Between Kapasvar and Szilvásszentmárton you can go along the Road of wild flowers lined with twenty-one wooden statues of plants typical of Zselic. Apart from the Hubgarian Sea with a wonderful panorama,...
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Pest Pest
Pest is the eastern, mostly flat part of Budapest, comprising about two thirds of the capital's territory. Its divided from Buda, the other part of Budapest, by the Danube River. Among its most notable parts are the Inner city, including the Hungarian Parliament, Heroes Square and Andrassy Avenue. In colloquial Hungaria Pest is used for the whole capital of Budapest. The name Pest comes from a Slavic word meaning "furnace, probably...
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Heves Heves
  The county attracts more and more visitors with its untouched natural beauties, the romantic forests of Göcsej and Bakony, where the one-time highwayman called Jóska Sobri was hidden, as well as with the untouched wildlife of Small Balaton, the beaches of the "Hungarian sea" and the thermal baths. The most significant thermal bath in the county is Lake Heviz, which is the largest medicinal lake of the world. This is...
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Csongrad Csongrad
Poet Juhász Gyula was born in the county, which is lying in the lowest territory of Hungary. This region is often mentioned in his poems: sometimes he writes about the life in the large town of Szeged, he also has melancholic poems about the region of the river Tisza or he even evokes the figures of the seven chieftains of the Hungarian tribes on the plain of Pusztaszer. According to the...
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Budapest Budapest
Hungary lies in the middle of Europe, in the Carpathian Basin since its foundation, which 1100 th anniversary was celebrated in 1996. Hungary is one of the most important tourist destinations in Central and Eastern Europe welcoming more than 1 million visitors each year. Budapest Budapest is the political, administrative, economic, scientific, and cultural centre of the country. Budapest is often called as Paris of Middle and Eastern Europe . Climate...
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Budapest apartments
Price : 0 €
Town : District XIV - Budapest
Region : Budapest
Country : Hungary
Type : Apartment
Bedrooms : 1
Bathrooms : 1


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