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Cyprus


Flag North-Cyprus, Cyprus 698
Flag North-Cyprus
Flag South-Cyprus, Cyprus 453
Flag South-Cyprus
 

 

The Republic of Cyprus is an island in the Eastern Mediterranean, located thirty-five miles south of Turkey and sixty-four miles south-west of Syria.      
Nicosia, the capital city, is located centrally on the island. It is divided into two sections, with Turkish and Greek communities separated by a fortified border. Larnaka, one of Cyprus' main ports, is on the southern coast of the island. The most important cities in Northern Cyprus are Famagusta and Kyrenia.
Cyprus consists of two mountainous regions, separated by the Mesaoria plain. The Troodos, the southern mountain group, is taller with the highest peak, Mount Olympus, rising two thousand metres above sea level. The Kyrenia mountain group, in the north, is about half as high; the Pentadaktylos Mountain is very striking with a peak resembling five fingers.
The weather in Cyprus is usually sunny and hot with some rain during the winter months.

Cyprus has a variety of flora with numerous species of plants.

The Larnaca Salt Lake is on the Ramsar list of Wetlands of International Importance. The Salt Lakes near Larnaka and Limassol are home to migrating birds and flamingoes in the cooler season of the year.

Food
A meze consists of a number of small dishes, sometimes up to thirty, and may be served before the main course of a meal. Meze dishes include Greek salad, halloumi, small meat dishes and dips such as houmous, taramosalata and tahini.
Main meals are kleftiko (roasted lamb), kebabs, moussaka, stuffed vine leaves, kalimari (squid) and fish dishes. Potatoes are a popular vegetable. Other vegetables available are green beans, broccoli, carrots, mushrooms, onions and peppers.
A variety of fruits are grown: apples, apricots, cherries, figs, grapes, peaches, strawberries, pomegranates and watermelons.
Honey is used in pastries such as baklava and kataifi. Loukoumi or Turkish Delight, called "Cyprus Delight" in the South, is a well known sweet.
Coffee, preferred strong, is a social drink in the kafeneions where men gather to drink coffee, talk and play backgammon.
Wine is produced. Other drinks are brandy, ouzo, Zivania (fire water), and Keo the local beer. 

Paphos, Nicosia, North-Cyprus, Limassol, Larnaca,

Paphos Paphos
The city of Paphos on the southwest coast of Cyprus was the capital of the island in Roman times, and dates from 1400 BC. Legend has it that the city is built on the spot where the Greek Goddess of Love, Aphrodite, was born.  Today, however, Paphos is reviving on the strength of tourism and government investment in infrastructure such as dams, roads and airport. Private initiatives have also resulted in...
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Nicosia Nicosia
Nicosia lies roughly at the center of the island, with a rich history that can be traced back to the Bronze Age. Today it blends its historic past brilliantly with the bustle of a modern city. The heart of the city, enclosed by 16th century Venetian walls, is dotted with museums, ancient churches and medieval buildings preserving the nostalgic atmosphere of years past. To walk through the old city is to...
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North-Cyprus North-Cyprus
The golden sandy beaches of the Famagusta district, Iying in the government controlled area, stretch out in the eastern corner of the island. The popular holiday making centres of Ayia Napa and Paralimni, have been called a veritable paradise for anyone who loves the sea and water sports. The charming scenery includes the tiny fishing harbour of Ayia Napa, and the medieval monastery in the heart of the village, the wind...
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Limassol Limassol
Limassol is the largest municipality in Cyprus and has experienced great development after the Turkish invasion in 1974. Since then it has become the biggest port in the Mediterranean for tourist and trade transit in the area. Limassol is renowned for its long cultural tradition and boasts a wide spectrum of activities, museums and archaeological sites. A unique combination of ancient, Frankish, Byzantine and other modern influences are here to be...
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Larnaca Larnaca
Larnaca, or Larnaka  is a city on the southeast coast of Cyprus. The major international airport of Cyprus, Larnaca International Airport  is located in this city. It has a population of 72,000 (end of 2001) and is the island's second commercial port and an important tourist resort. To the north of the town lies the island's oil refinery, while to the south of Larnaca the International Airport is situated. The city...
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